Safety4Rails project

Data-based analysis for SAFETY and security protection, FOR detection, prevention, mitigation and response in trans-modal metro and RAILway networkS


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European Union flagThis project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 883532.


SAFETY4RAILS is a EU funded project in the framework of H2020 SU-INFRA01 which started on 1 October 2020 for 2 years.  

Railways and Metros are safe, efficient, reliable and environmentally friendly mass carriers, and they are becoming even more important means of transportation given the need to address climate change.  

However, being such critical infrastructures turns metro and railway operators as well as related intermodal transport operators into attractive targets for cyber and/or physical attacks.   

The SAFETY4RAILS project will deliver methods and systems to increase the safety and recovery of track-based inter-city railway and intra-city metro transportation.

It addresses both cyber-only attacks (such as impact from WannaCry infections), physical-only attacks (such as the Madrid commuter trains bombing in 2004) and combined cyber-physical attacks, which is an important emerging scenario given the increase in the IoT infrastructure integration.  

When an incident occurs during heavy usage, metro and railway operators have to consider many aspects to ensure passenger safety and securitySAFETY4RAILS will improve the handling of such events through a holistic approach.



The goal of this project is to increase resilience against combined cyber-physical threats including natural hazards to railway infrastructure.

Threat assessment

1. Identification of new threats

2. Detection of new threats

Risk and crisis management improvement

3. Forecast and management of new threats

4. Knowlegde sharing with stakeholders

5. Impact of evolving threats

Improvement of resilience and security

6. Saving response time with decision support

7. Cost effective technological measures

8. Real-time management resilience

9. Multi-modal infrastructure approach

Practitioners and exploitation

10. User training with SAFETY4RAILS components

11. Demonstrating S4RIS operational performance

12. Exploiting S4RIS results

Which use cases ?

SAFETY4RAILS will implement the SAFETY4RAILS Information System (S4RIS) which will analyse the impact of proposed strategies in both the prevention and response phases.

Threat analysis

What happened? Is medical help needed? How many people are affected? How could the event evolve?

Crisis communication

Clear, preserving safety and avoiding creating panic.


How to react? How to go back to the normal situation as soon as possible?

What’s innovative in SAFETY4RAILS?

Artificial Intelligence oriented detection, mitigation, prevention, forecasting and fast response


Railway and metro operators and end users focused realistic approach

Two railways, and two metro end-users are involved as full partners from various parts of Europe to cover a broad and complex requirements’ and needs’ analysis

Trans-modal approach

Inter-city, city railway stations, and intra-city metro transport are involved and considered with interfaces to connected public transport options (road, sea, bike, walk)


The SAFETY4RAILS Consortium is led by Fraunhofer and composed of 31 partners from 13 different countries (Germany, France, Spain, Turkey, Italy, Belgium, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Greece, Finland, Hungary, Israel and Netherlands).

They represent railway operators, railway infrastructure managers, research centres, academia and industry suppliers and bring a range of complementary skills required for this multidisciplinary project.

Partners map

Contact us

Project coordinator

FRAUNHOFER-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Angewandten Forschung e.V.


UIC - International union of railways
Security Division:


European Union flagThis project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 883532.

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