The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft is the leading organisation for applied research in Europe. Its research activities are conducted by 74 institutes and research units at locations throughout Germany. The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft employs a staff of nearly 28,000, who work with an annual research budget totalling more than 2 billion euros.  

The Fraunhofer Institute for High-Speed Dynamics, Ernst-Mach-Institut, EMI, is part of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft and studies high-speed processes in experiment and simulation. Solutions for industrial applications are approached from a physical and engineering perspective with the centre of interest on security, resilience, reliability, efficiency and sustainability of structures, systems and networks under dynamic and extraordinary loads, in particular comprising natural and man-made threats.

The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft applications range from components and design of structures to whole vehicles and defence technology systems, from buildings and infrastructures, urban systems and network to satellite systems.  

In the Security Business Unit, Fraunhofer EMI researches and develop concepts, processes, methods and technologies to make Society and its infrastructures more robust, error-tolerant and resilient against hazardous events.  

The planning, supporting and disaster managing tools developed by Fraunhofer EMI enable the end-users to identify possible threat events, detect vulnerabilities and select resilience counter measures. Moreover, the effect of the selected counter measures can be evaluated with the help of simulation tools in order to quantity risk reduction and resilience increase as well secondary risks. In this context, the tools of Fraunhofer EMI fit into the framework of the proposal for SAFETY4RAILS to assess the impact of possible incidents on metro and railway systems and to identify vulnerabilities and cascading effects. 

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